HOW TO USE PATENTS
TO MANUFACTURE AND/OR CREATE TECHNOLOGIES.
In order to be able to make use of the technologies disclosed in patents one needs to know how to build machinery. Machine construction is also taught in the patents.
When you study machinery patents you will see that there are about two hundred different mechanisms. According to the process each machine uses various combinations of a limited number of these mechanisms.
Below is a list of patents where you can learn about machine construction.
Before jumping into the study of these patents, please note a few points: Similar to building a wall by putting one brick on top of the other one, each patent, in general, is built on other patents. In other words, in order to understand the teaching of a patent you may need to study also the referred patents and other cited literature, you may also need to learn from the references of the references. During this studying process you will reach a point where you will feel confident that you now know the technology. That is when you can stop further digging. Once you are skilled in the art don't forget to follow newly issued patents in that technology.
When you study a patent remember that the law assumes that you are skilled in the art. Therefore you would understand chemical patents better if you have some chemistry background. In the list that is given below, all patents contain drawings. When you read the specification, you should also be able to read technical drawings, as well as understand electrical circuitry of each machine etc.… In summary if you have an engineering background it would be relatively easy to learn the teachings of the patents.
[TIFF viewer reminder: To see the drawings of the patents, and to reach patents issued before 1976 you need to see the images of the patents, and for this purpose your browser may need to have a plug-in capable to read "tiff" files. Here are two sites where you can get a TIFF viewer: Alternatiff, Internetiff]
You can reach the following patents at PTO's site.
PATENT # TITLE (Assignee [i.e. the company that acquired the patent rights from the inventor] or Inventor-Total pages(p)-Number of drawing figures (df) or drawing sheets (ds)) -------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- 3634996 Bottle packing machine (ABC Packing Machine Corp., Largo, Fla.-18 pages-15 drawing figures) 3634995 Method and apparatus for lidding cartons (International Paper Co., New York, N.Y.-19 p-29 df) 3815316 Method and apparatus for loading tea bags into cartons (Delamere and Williams Co. Limited, Toronto, Canada-40p-36df) 3832826 Box forming and filling method and machine (Huntington Industries Inc., Bethayres, Pa.-24p-21df) 3016448 Automatic wiring machine (Western Electric Co., Inc., New York, N.Y.-58p-41ds) 3016668 Article packing machine (The Precise Engineering Co., Chicago, Ill.-18p-11ds) 3016667 Machine for packing under thermoplastic film (Lucien Yves Kerhoes, France-20p-12ds) 3016663 Machine for packing cylindrical objects (G.B. Holmes et al.-31p-18ds) 2605597 Wrapping machine (Mars Inc., Chicago, Ill.-28p-14ds) 3846104 Handling glass sheet for shaping and cooling (PPG Industries, Inc., Pittsburg, Pa.-16p-8ds) 3574588 Assembly for conveying glass sheets through a heat treating furnace (Permaglass, Inc., Millbury, Ohio-21p-12ds) 3559789 Coin handling device (Coin Verifiers Company Limited, Ottawa, Canada-24p-11ds) 3374651 Machine for forming gears (Barber Colman Co., Rockford, Ill.-22p-14ds) 3983729 Method and apparatus for necking and flanging containers (National Can Corp., Chicago, Ill.-19p-11df) 4016624 Poultry cut-up machine (Victor F. Weaver, Inc., New Holland, Pa.-30p-25df) 4083083 Machine for cutting poultry into selectively variable portions (Duncan Creations, Inc., Kokomo, Ind.-17p-18df) 3735629 Apparatus for forming one piece can bodies (Standun Inc., Compton, Calif.-28p-31df) 4306292 Segmented asynchronous operation of an automated assembly line (Texas Instruments Inc., Dallas, Tex.-363p-102df) 2333940 Assembly machine (The National Lock Washer Company, Newark, N.J.-17p-10ds) 2604692 Bushing inserting machine (Firestone Tire and Rubber Co., Newark, N.J.-12p-6ds) 2693843 Apparatus for automatically assembling a structure consisting of a number of separate parts (Magnus Harmonica Corp., Newark, N.J.-16p-9ds) 4306299 Postage meter having means transferring data from a working memory under low power conditions (Pitney-Bowes, Inc., Stamford, Conn.-84p-60df)
MANUFACTURING AND/OR INVENTING TECHNOLOGIES
Once you master the construction of machines you may learn about any technology from the patent literature, and according to its legal status, i.e. if there is no patent protection or it is abandoned, you can make, use, and sell any teaching of any patent. At that point you would also use handbooks, standards, periodicals, and product catalogues of various manufacturers. From handbooks, standards, and periodicals you would get established techniques (i.e. once the use of a technology becomes widespread, it is standardized, and it may be reached through standards, handbooks, etc.). From catalogues you would learn about readily available parts that you might use in your design. A small list of web sites where you can reach such information online is given below this page.
A rough analogy to a technologist's work would be the work of a cook. A cookbook contains all recipes. The cook follows the recipe, chooses the fresh and best ingredients from the market and prepares the meal. Let us say that during this progress, he decides to slightly change the recipe, to mix, just for the sake of example, some yogurt and honey and put it on the meat in the oven. If he ends up with a delicious dish, he has a new recipe. The recipes of the technologists are patents. Although the cook can not get any patent for his new recipe, if the technologist makes an improvement in the art he may get a patent for it, and this teaching would become part of the patent literature that other technologists will search.
As you may have noticed, patent search and study to master a technology may be long, tedious, and time consuming. Search is made in general by following various leads step by step. Once the right patents are reached, time to study one patent may change from a few hours for some, to a few weeks for some others.
Again as you may have noted in the section "How To Make a Patent Search" most the European patents having a good commercial value are usually registered in the U.S. too. This is also true for other industrialized countries like Japan, Canada etc. Therefore through U.S. patents it is possible to learn about almost all technologies. And thanks to U.S. Patent and Trademark Office that made all U.S. patents since 1790 available online, there is a great opportunity to promote their use to manufacture and create new technologies.
Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys
Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys